The global barley market has a large consumer base in countries like the European Union, Saudi Arabia, Russia, and China. Countries including China, Iran, Libya, as well as Saudi Arabia, import significant volumes of barley from other regions. Its application as animal feed also aids its growth in many regions. Saudi Arabia and China import significant volumes to fulfill the demand for feed barley in the region. It is widely demanded in order to produce beer across all the major regions. Russia is among the leading producers of barley, exporting major volumes to the Middle East countries, especially Saudi Arabia. The region also exports to Iran, Jordan, and Kuwait. The European Union is the leading producer with Germany and France, producing more than 40% of the global output. Regions like Ukraine and Russia are witnessing increased domestic as well as export demand.